After launching in the US last summer, Spotify has more than doubled its revenue to €187.8 million, but is spending nearly all of that. Paid Content reports that Spotify’s annual loss widened to €45.4 million in the 2011/2012 12 month period. Spotify’s challenge is to expand rapidly enough to cover expenses, while battling the high cost of streaming music laden with hefty licensing fees.
Unlike platforms like Pandora, iHeartradio and other streaming broadcasters and online only webcasters, Spotify is an on-demand platform that negotiates licenses directly with the labels. In fact, the major labels all have a stake in the company as part of those negotiations.
Spotify’s business model is different as well — subscriptions are a more important part of their revenue strategy. Spotify is spending lots of time and energy pursuing the widespread use of its API and third party app, and in fact hopes to become the world’s source for streaming music. When you think about the fact that the labels have a stake in this, it makes quite a bit of sense.
The main problem is that expansion is difficult, margins are slow, and losses are becoming hefty. Which could necessitate more funding. Which would in turn dilute the labels and prompt them to negotiate higher rates in future licensing deals. A merry-go-round of a business model…